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Safe Days to Avoid Pregnancy 101: A Detailed Guide for All Women

A woman may consider and try to avoid getting pregnant or may choose to get pregnant. In either case, it is necessary to know your menstrual cycle well and the days when you can conceive.


5 min read
Safe Days to Avoid Pregnancy 101: A Detailed Guide for All Women

Periods And Pregnancy

A woman may consider and try to avoid getting pregnant or may choose to get pregnant. In either case, it is necessary to know your menstrual cycle well and the days when you can conceive. This will help you understand how many days after periods you can get pregnant or the safe days to avoid pregnancy.

Periods and pregnancy are closely related. If the female egg is not fertilised with the help of male sperm, a woman becomes pregnant. In case the female egg remains unfertilised, it sheds in the form of menstruation, along with the uterine lining. But how many days after a period is it safe to have sex to avoid pregnancy? Read on to find out!

Is it Safe to Have Sex After Periods?

Whether you are trying to avoid getting pregnant or trying to conceive, you should be tracking your menstrual cycle. This means you should be monitoring the period between the first time you get your period to the next. The average woman begins to ovulate about 14 days after her menstrual cycle has ended. However, the most fertile period of the female is about 3-4 days before and after her ovulation period. Hence, it is not safe to have sex during these 3-4 days if you do not want to get pregnant and advisable to have sex during this period if you wish to do so.

Also read: Foods that abort a month-long pregnancy

How Many Days After a Period is Safe to Avoid Pregnancy?

Is your menstrual cycle regular? One can have either a regular or an irregular period cycle. A woman's menstrual cycle can last from 21 days to 35 days, in general. However, an ideal menstrual cycle is 28 days.

Unprotected sex at any time during the menstrual cycle does not nullify the risk of getting pregnant, whether it is during the period, just after the periods, or any time.

Many of us might be wondering, "Is it safe to have sex after periods?"

Ideally, there is no terminology as 'safe time' to have sex without using contraception in the month. There are phases during the entire menstrual cycle when you are most likely to conceive and most unlikely to conceive.

If you are trying to avoid getting pregnant, you have a minimal chance of getting pregnant if you have sex within the initial seven days after periods, when the eggs are not released from the ovaries.

Nevertheless, if you have a shorter cycle, you may ovulate around this time, thus using appropriate contraception is necessary.

How Many Days After My Period Can I Get Pregnant?

If you are planning to get pregnant, you should practice sex without contraception. A woman is more likely to conceive during the fertile window stage of the menstrual cycle, known as the ovulation phase.

Ovulation is a phenomenon when ovaries release the mature egg towards the fallopian tube (a part of the female reproductive system).

If you have a regular menstrual cycle, you are more likely to get pregnant during the 10th-14th day, considering the onset of menstruation as day 1. However, the days can vary among each woman.

Sperms can survive in the woman's body for 5-7 days. Thus if you have intercourse without contraception during the fertile window of the menstruation cycle, you are more likely to get pregnant.

How Many Days After Your Period Do You Ovulate?

Ovulation varies in each woman depending on the length of their menstrual cycle. It generally occurs from day 11 to day 21, depending on the menstrual cycle. These days are counted considering the onset of vaginal bleeding as day 1.

Women with shorter cycles tend to ovulate around day 11 after the period, while women with longer menstrual cycles tend to ovulate around day 21.

How to calculate your safe days?

Calculating your safe days is no less than a prediction game. However, it acts as a boon to help you understand your cycle well, along with the most suitable days to have unprotected sex without fear of getting pregnant.

The ideal way to calculate safe days is by calculating the length of the menstrual cycle and maintaining a period calendar.

The length of the period cycle is calculated from the beginning of the menstrual period as day one until day 1 of the next menstrual period.

Safe days is also an effective birth control method that may be used instead of medications.

Considering a menstrual cycle, the first week after period onset is usually safe. The eggs are not released, and ovaries are still in the process of forming eggs within them.

The last week before your next period cycle is also considered to be safe. The process or phase of ovulation has passed away, and a comparatively lesser chance for fertilisation to occur.

These calculations of safe days are ideal for women who have a regular menstrual cycle of 28-32 days.

Can you get pregnant a week after your period?

Yes, you can get pregnant a week after your period. There lies a possibility to conceive a week after your period if you have sex without contraception. It is more likely for women with a shorter menstrual cycle since their fertile window gets activated earlier.

Take home message: Always use effective contraceptive methods while having intercourse unless you are planning pregnancy, as none of the days of the month in menstrual cycles can be claimed as 100% safe days.

Also read: Indian foods to avoid pregnancy

In a Nutshell… How Many Days After Period is Safe to Avoid Pregnancy?

If you wish to avoid pregnancy, make sure you do not indulge in sexual intercourse without a condom at any time of the month. Moreover, avoid having sex with your partner in your most fertile days, about 3-4 days before and after ovulation.

FAQs

Can You Get Pregnant 24 Hours After Your Period?

Once your menstrual cycle ends, you are gradually moving towards your fertility window or ovulation period. Moreover, sperm can live inside a female body for about 3-5 days. Hence, yes, there are chances of pregnancy if you have sex 24 hours after your period.

When Can A Woman Not Get Pregnant?

A woman cannot get pregnant if she is infertile. Female infertility can be caused due to several reasons:

  • Scarred or damaged fallopian tubes that prevent male sperm from fertilising the female egg can cause female infertility.
  • Irregular or abnormal uterine shapes make it challenging for a fertilised egg to attach itself to the uterine wall, and this causes female infertility.
  • Conditions such as PCOS cause women to ovulate inconsistently. When left untreated, this could lead to female infertility or inability to conceive for a while.

What Happens After Your Period Ends?

The complete shedding of the unfertilised female egg and your uterine lining symbolises the end of your period. After your menstrual cycle ends, the female genitals begin to prepare for another menstrual cycle. Your body begins to shift towards your most fertile period, where the chances of pregnancy are high.

References

Rachel Gurevich (2020) How Long Does Ovulation Last? (Very Well Family) https://www.verywellfamily.com/how-long-does-ovulation-last-1960235

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