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Types of Dark Circles | Causes & Treatment

Dark circles are the discoloration under the eyes. These may look black, brown, purple, or blue, depending on the skin colour of the person.

4 min read
Types of Dark Circles | Causes & Treatment

What Are Dark Circles?

Dark circles are the discoloration under the eyes. But of course, you're already aware of that. What many women are unaware of is to treat these stubborn patches. It seems as though you could never get rid of them. No matter how hard you try. These may look black, brown, purple, or blue, depending on the individual's skin color dealing with them. The pigmentation and dark circles rarely cause a medical complication, but some people may wish to reduce their appearance due to several reasons.

Read on to know how you can effectively minimize these.

Dark circles are caused due to the following reasons:

  • Hyperpigmentation - occurs when the body produces excess melanin.
  • Poor sleeping habits cause dark circles
  • Thinning skin under the eyes causes dark circles
  • Overexposure to sunlight causes dark circles
  • Smoking causes dark circles
  • Dehydration causes dark circles
  • Aging causes dark circles

What Are the Different Types of Dark Circles?

Several products claim to reduce dark circles. However, without knowing the type of dark circles and their causes, you cannot get rid of them. Grab a mirror and take a good look at your dark circles. Match the pigmentation colour with the following types and get the solution that will work the best for you! Remember, knowledge about them is the first step towards eradication!

Violet-Reddish Dark Circles

Violet-reddish dark circles are caused due to aging or genetics. The blood vessels start to appear under the eyes. Men with pale, thin skin or superficial blood vessels are more susceptible to developing this type.

Bluish Dark Circles

Enlarged veins and thin under-eye skin cause bluish dark circles. Enlarged veins are caused by caffeine, energy drinks, and other medications. These stimulants dilate the blood vessels, causing the under-eye area to look bluish. Some people are born with thin skin under the eyes, whereas others develop it later in their lives. Delicate under-eye skin is also a natural sign of aging.

Brownish-Black Dark Circles

These are caused due to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. These clusters of brown pigment collect under the eye due to sun damage, genetics, or chronic rubbing, making the dark circles look brownish-black. This type of dark circles is more common in medium to dark-skinned tones.

Dark and Shadowy Dark Circles

A lack of sleep causes most cases of dark circles. Sometimes, you may notice shadows under your eye area. Puffy eyelids or hollows cause this under the eye. It is a typical sign of aging and, in some cases, caused by facial volume loss.

How Are Dark Circles treated?

Once you figure out the type of dark circles, you can easily find the solution for them. In some cases, lifestyle changes may do the trick, while others may require treatments and products.

Removing dark circles altogether may not be possible, but their appearances can be minimized.

Cucumbers To Treat Dark Circles

You all must have seen people on television and films using cucumbers for dark circles. Cucumbers come with skin-lightening and mild astringent properties.

Chop a small-sized cucumber into thin slices and refrigerate it for about 30 minutes. Leave the slices on top of your eyes for about 10 minutes. Rinse with warm water later. Try this method twice a day for better results.

Works for: Bluish dark circles

Tomatoes To Treat Dark Circles

Tomatoes come with a high quantity of lycopene - which is excellent for your skin and vision. It can be used to lighten dark circles and make skin soft.

To gain the benefits of tomato for dark circles:

  1. Mix equal amounts of lemon juice and tomato juice.
  2. Gently apply the juice under your eyes using a cotton pad.
  3. Leave it on for 10 minutes and wash with warm water.
  4. For better results, use it twice a day.

Works for: Violet-reddish dark circles

Vitamin E Oil To Treat Dark Circles

Vitamins for dark circles are a great way to get rid of them. Vitamin E oil helps fight the causes of aging signs.

Before going to bed:

  1. Apply a small amount of vitamin E oil under your eyes.
  2. Gently massage the oil into the skin for about 5 minutes.
  3. Leave it on overnight.
  4. Wash it off with warm water in the morning.

Works for: Dark and shadowy dark circles

Coffee To Treat Dark Circles

Coffee contains bleaching properties that help reduce dark circles.

Mix 1 tbsp coffee powder and coconut oil. Add ½ tbsp of pepper and apply it under your eyes. Leave it on for 15 minutes and rinse with cold water. This coffee oil for dark circles is effective and works like a charm!

Works for: Dark and shadowy dark circles

Apple Cider Vinegar To Treat Dark Circles

Apple cider vinegar reduces dark circles and makes your skin look fresh and younger.

Take a small amount of it on a cotton pad and massage it well. Use apple cider vinegar for skin lightening every night for better results.

Works for: Brownish-black dark circles

Eye Cream To Treat Dark Circles

You can also make a DIY eye cream for dark circles. Its ingredients will help reduce dark circles and make your skin smoother.

Take 1 tsp grated cucumber and fresh cream each, a few drops of lemon juice, 3 tsp of china clay, and ground fresh coconut. Mix all these ingredients well and refrigerate them. While applying it to your eyes, cover them with a cotton pad so that the cream does not drip into your eyes. Leave it on for 20 minutes and gently wash it with milk and water.

It's time you took matters into your own hands instead of waiting on expensive products to do their trick finally.

Works for: Bluish dark circles


Unfortunately, dark circles are something that cannot be cured. But if you figure out your type and its causes, you can minimize their appearances. In most cases, dark circles are caused due to poor lifestyle and diet habits. Correcting these habits will be helpful to a great extent.

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