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Oligomenorrhea (Absent or Irregular Periods): Meaning, Causes, Cure

What is Oligomenorrhea? By definition, it means inconsistent or irregular blood flow in a woman. In Oligomenorrhea, women consistently have menstrual cycles longer than 35 days or fewer than nine menstrual cycles in a year.


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Oligomenorrhea (Absent or Irregular Periods): Meaning, Causes, Cure


Oligomenorrhea: What does it Mean?


What is Oligomenorrhea? By definition, it means inconsistent or irregular blood flow in a woman. In Oligomenorrhea, women consistently have menstrual cycles longer than 35 days or fewer than nine menstrual cycles in a year.

Oligomenorrhea symptoms may include:

  • Delayed and inconsistent menstrual cycles
  • Light menstrual flow
  • Unpredictable flow during each period
  • Difficulty in conceiving

Amenorrhea, Oligomenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and hypomenorrhea are different menstrual abnormalities and should not be confused with one another.

Also read: 12 everyday foods to induce periods

A brief understanding about them:

  • Amenorrhea: It is a condition where periods stop completely. It is diagnosed when a woman does not have menses for 90 days unless she is breastfeeding, pregnant, or menopausal.
  • Hypomenorrhea: Here, the periods can be regular but are light. The flow lasts for less than two days or is less than 80 mL.
  • Dysmenorrhea: It is defined as menstrual cycles associated with intense abdominal pain and cramps.

Causes of Oligomenorrhea

Some common reasons for Oligomenorrhea include:

Heavy exercise

Participating in sports or engaging in heavy activity (11% - 40% of the dancers and 6% - 60% of the athletes are seen to have Oligomenorrhea at some point in time).

Eating disorders

Bulimia or anorexia nervosa.

Hormonal

Contraceptive pills or hormonal disorders, such as PCOS and perimenopause.

Health Conditions

Such as thyroid disorders or diabetes.

Medication

Such as antiepileptics and antipsychotics.

Lifestyle factors

Being overweight, sedentary lifestyle, and stress.

Oligomenorrhea Treatment

The treatment of Oligomenorrhea depends on the underlying cause. For instance, hormonal replacement therapy or hormonal pills may be helpful if the reason is hormonal irregularities.

The ideal treatment also depends on your overall health. If you have a history of blood clots, hormonal birth control pills might not be safe for you.

Your doctor may also advise some lifestyle changes, such as maintaining ideal weight and being active.

Maintaining a healthy weight

If you are overweight or obese, losing weight may help regulate the periods. On the other hand, your body needs a certain amount of fat for regular periods. Being underweight or extreme weight loss can also cause Oligomenorrhea. It is thus essential to maintain a healthy weight.

Being active

It aids in maintaining your weight. Physical activity can also help manage the underlying cause of Oligomenorrhea, such as PCOS.

Home Remedies for Oligomenorrhea


Some home remedies that may help you are:

Cinnamon

According to a study, cinnamon is seen to regulate periods and is an effective option for women with PCOS. Cinnamon is rich in vitamin A, riboflavin, thiamin, and ascorbic acid that aids in regulating periods. Cinnamaldehyde and eugenol essential oils in cinnamon can also significantly manage menstrual bleeding or pain. You can take about 1.5 - 4 gms of dried cinnamon bark daily. Find out how to use cinnamon for periods.

Vitamins

Low vitamin D levels are associated with menstrual irregularities. So, taking vitamin D can help regulate your periods and manage Oligomenorrhea. Taking Vitamin D supplements for up to 9 weeks can regulate your periods.

Yoga

According to studies, yoga is an effective treatment for menstrual irregularities. Practicing yoga for 35-40 minutes most days a week for 6 months may regulate your hormonal disorders. It can also help with symptoms associated with menstruation, such as anxiety, cramps, and depression.

Try yoga for PCOS that helps with absent or irregular periods considerably.

Ayurvedic Medicine for Oligomenorrhea


Ayurveda is a branch of medicine that believes diseases are due to disturbance in Vata, Pitta, or Kapha.

This science believes Oligomenorrhea is a result of an obstruction in Vata, Kapha, or both. And treating this imbalance may regulate your menses.

The following Ayurvedic treatment or medicines are seen to help in Oligomenorrhea:

  • Triphala Kwatha
  • Chandraprabha Vati
  • Manibhadra Choorna
  • Commiphora wightii or Guggulu
  • Shatapushpa Churna
  • Ikshvaku

Medicines such as Ikshvaku aid in vomiting to cleanse your body, while other remedies help balance Vata and Kapha. Ikshwaku also lowers testosterone levels, which is a cause for many hormonal disorders causing Oligomenorrhea.

Also read: Is it okay to have sex during periods?

Oligomenorrhea and PCOS

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that increases male hormone levels (testosterone), resulting in an imbalance between male and female hormones. PCOS is also associated with insulin resistance.

However, Ayurveda has proved to be very efficient in treating PCOS and Oligomenorrhea.

Thus, ovaries cannot develop an egg as it should, or the egg may not be released every month (ovulation), resulting in irregular periods or Oligomenorrhea.

If you have PCOS, treating it will regulate your periods. The PCOS treatment will depend on your age, symptoms, and whether you want to conceive. If you are overweight, losing even 5% - 10% of your weight can improve hormonal balance. It also boosts the effect of hormonal pills used to manage the condition.

Your doctor may also advise Metformin, a diabetes medication, to improve insulin sensitivity, promote weight loss, and regulate ovulation.

You can also try some of the best drinks for PCOS to regularize your period.

References

1) https://www.webmd.com/diet/ss/slideshow-five-percent-weight-loss
2) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3215317/
3) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6153915/
4) https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23647406/

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